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Penang is also known as the Pearl of the Orient and Pulau Pinang Pulau Mutiara (Penang Island, The Island of Pearls).
Penang is shortened as "PG" in English, or "PP" in Malay.
These artifacts indicate that the earliest inhabitants in the area Seberang Perai were nomadic Melanesians.
The Cherok Tok Kun megalith in Bukit Mertajam, uncovered in 1845, contains Pali inscriptions, indicating that the Hindu-Buddhist Bujang Valley civilisation based in what is now Kedah had established control over parts of Seberang Perai by the 6th century.
Penang's modern history began in 1786, when Francis Light founded George Town as a trading post of the British East India Company.
Penang formed part of the Straits Settlements in 1826, which became a British crown colony in 1867.
Many early settlers, including Light himself in 1794, succumbed to malaria, earning early Penang the epithet 'the white man's grave'.
In 1800, Lieutenant-Governor Sir George Leith secured a strip of hinterland across the Penang Strait and named it Province Wellesley (now Seberang Perai).
After the acquisition, Province Wellesley was then gradually expanded up to its present-day boundaries in 1874.
Penang is a Malaysian state located on the northwest coast of Peninsular Malaysia, by the Malacca Strait.
It has two parts: Penang Island, where the capital city, George Town, is located, and Seberang Perai (formerly Province Wellesley) on the Malay Peninsula.